Georgieff Laboratory in Development Nutritional Neuroscience
The laboratory focuses on neonatal iron nutrition & metabolism and the developing brain, and specifically the hippocampus, which underlies recognition memory processing. It is now understand through the work of our laboratory that adult mental health has its beginnings in the perinatal period and that failure to provide the optimal environment in that period can have life-long consequences. Thus, the real cost to society of early life adversity, including nutrient deficits, is the lost educational and job potential because of failure to “construct” the brain during its critical periods of development. Dr. Georgieff's work has focused on defining those critical periods and understanding the basic mechanisms (eg, epigenetics) by which nutrients shape the developing brain. It is his hope that the discoveries at the bench and in his clinical research improve the neurodevelopmental outcomes for high-risk newborns.
Dr. Georgieff's research career in this area has spanned more than 30 years and includes investigations of the effects of nutrients on memory function in humans and pre-clinical models. He has been continuously funded as a Principal Investigator by NIH since 1992. The lab generated the first genetic model of fetal /neonatal brain iron deficiency in order to elucidate the specific requirement of iron for brain development. The expertise in basic laboratory science includes conditional knock-out technology, neurometabolism, neuronal structural analysis, electrophysiology, gene expression and animal and human behavior.
In addition to the work in iron and neurodevelopment, the lab has published more broadly on early life nutritional status and neurodevelopment. Much of this work has centered on the role of nutritional and non-nutritional factors in determining linear growth and the relationship of growth stunting to neurodevelopmental trajectory. This work encompasses studies of preterm infants, internationally adopted children and children in orphanages in developing countries. The impact of early life stressors, nutrient deficiency and other, is a function of which brain regions are growing most rapidly and have the highest metabolic demand at the time of the insult. This work has had an impact on public policy in the US (eg, Committee on Nutrition of the American Academy of Pediatrics; National Institutes of Health) and world-wide (UNICEF, WHO).
NIH Funded Clinical Research Activity
Optimizing Benefits While Reducing Risks of Iron in Malaria-endemic Areas (RO1, NIH / NICHD)
To establish the optimum sequencing of iron and antimalarial treatment for managing concurrent iron deficiency and malaria, thus guiding future iron intervention programs in malaria-endemic and high-infection settings. Dr. Georgieff serves as a Co-Investigator on this study, which is led by the Principle Investigator, Dr. Sarah Cusick.
Choline Supplementation as a Neurodevelopmental Intervention in Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (RO1, NIH / NIAAA)
This study has three goals: (1) to evaluate the balance of efficacy and tolerability of a 19 mg/kg dose of choline compared to placebo in 2 to 5 year old children with FASD (2) to test two new potential cognitive targets for choline: attention and executive functioning and (3) to determine the longevity of the benefits of choline for cognitive functioning. Dr. Georgieff and Dr. Jeffrey Wozniak serve as Co-Principle Investigators on this study.
NIH Funded Bench Laboratory Activity
Newborn Iron Deficiency (RO1, NIH / NICHD)
The major goals of this project are (1) to determine whether neuronal iron deficiency during hippocampal development reduces mitochondrial function and alters neuronal structure and efficacy and (2) to determine whether therapies that improve mitochondrial function during development prevent long-term neuronal dysfunction. Dr. Georgieff is the Principle Investigator on this study.
Detection and Correction of Iron Deficiency Induced Abnormal Brain Metabolism (RO1, NIH / NICHD)
The major goals of this application are to (1) demonstrate that serum proteomics and metabolomics detect impending brain dysfunction, (2) verify that standard hematological and iron parameters are poor indices of brain dysfunction, and (3) establish that iron supplementation in the pre-anemic stage of iron deficiency is essential to mitigate the adverse neurological effects in a nonhuman primate model of iron deficiency anemia. Dr. Georgieff is one of three Principle Investigators on this study.
The Effect of Neonatal Anemia and its Treatment on Brain Development (P01, NIH / NHLBI)
The goal of this project is to evaluate whether rHuEPO treatment or RBCTX to relieve phlebotomy induced anemia (PIA) in the newborn mouse pup between postnatal days (P) P3 and P13 improves regional brain development and function in the neonatal period and in young adulthood following resolution of anemia. Dr. Georgieff serves as a Subaward Project Leader on this study.
Roles of Iron-Dependent PHD and JARID in Early-Life Iron Deficiency-Induced Adult Neural Gene Dysregulation (RO1, NIH / NINDS)
The goal of this project is to investigate the roles of iron-dependent cellular mechanisms in the developing brain by which early-life iron deficiency, the most common micronutrient deficiency worldwide, causes persistent cognitive and socio-emotional behavior deficits in adulthood. Dr. Georgieff holds a Co-Investigator position on this study, which is led by Principle Investigator, Dr. Phu Tran.
Dr. Georgieff is a senior member in the Graduate Program in Neuroscience and is faculty in the Institute of Child Development (Department of Child Psychology). Graduate students from both programs can be mentored by him.
Dr. Georgieff is a trainer on the MSTP training grant, the GPN training grant, the CTSI grant, the Pediatric Endocrinology Training Grant, and the ICD pre-doctoral training grant.
For more information on training opportunities with the Georgieff Laboratory in Developmental Nutritional Neuroscience, contact Dr. Georgieff at email@example.com.
Barks AK, Hall AM, Tran PV, Georgieff MK. Iron as a model nutrient for understanding the nutritional origins of neuropsychiatric disease. Pediatric Research, in press, 2018.
Zorn EP, Zhang L, Sandness K, Riggins T, Georgieff MK, Pfister KM. Preserved speed of processing and memory in infants with a history of neonatal encephalopathy treated with therapeutic hypothermia. J Perinatology, in press, 2018.
Barks A, Fretham SJB, Georgieff MK, Tran PV. Early-life neuronal-specific iron deficiency alters the adult mouse hippocampal transcriptome. J. Nutrition; in press, 2018.
Georgieff MK, Tran PV, Carlson SE. Developmental origins of psychopathology: Mechanisms, processes and pathways linking the prenatal environment to postnatal outcomes. Development and Psychopathology, in press, 2018.
Schwarzenberg SJ, Georgieff MK. Advocacy for improving nutrition in the first 1000 days to support childhood development and adult health. AAP Committee on Nutrition. Pediatrics 141:e20172716; 2018.
Bastian TW, von Hohenberg WC, Mickelson DJ, Lanier LM, Georgieff MK. Iron deficiency impairs developing hippocampal neuron gene expression, energy metabolism and dendrite complexity. Dev Neurosci, 38:264-276; 2016. PMCID: 5157120
Martin Lenz Harrison Land Grant Chair
Professor in Pediatrics and the Institute of Child Development
Head, Division of Neonatology
Executive Vice Chair, Department of Pediatrics
Director, Center for Neurobehavioral Development
516 Delaware Street SE
Minneapolis, MN, 55455